Simple Guide on How to Write Analytical essay

analytical essay

While writing an analytical essay seems a thorny task to some, to others it is a walk down the park. The real deal-breaker is having a workable plan, a solid outline, reliable sources and a proactive state of mind. These elements are vital to overcoming any difficulty in writing a flawless analytical essay. But first thing first, answering the question “what is an analytical essay, and what does it entail?” is vital in the entire process.

Below are sections that best answer the question.

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What is an Analytical Essay?

An analytical essay is an essay that analyzes a specific topic. The essay includes a thorough examination of both sides of the argument. In other words, analytical work is one that explores specific points on a chosen subject and is more of an illustration essay. The analysis could revolve around an event, research or paradox. For example, when criticizing a research article, one should not only analyze its content but also explain how the article impacts the target audience.

Analytical Essay Definition

A typical definition of an analytical essay is that it is a piece of writing; whereby the author presents an argument or claim about the analysis. They put emphasis on analyzing, criticizing or interpreting a particular fact, event, or even solid substance. Analytical essay divides a topic into several subtopics. The subtopics are analyzed in detail, and what follows is synthesizing the information to develop a coherent conclusion.

Analytical Essay Outline

While you are equipped with what it takes to write a successful analytical essay, are you sure of the most suitable structure to follow? Lack of familiarity with an analytical essay outline may leave you staring at a blank page on your computer screen for hours. However, this shouldn’t be your worry anymore.

All you need is a solid blueprint – a full structure of your essay. An analytical essay outline must consist of three primary parts. These are:

The introduction

This is a section that briefs your readers of what to expect in the paper. It includes a hook, a description of the intention of the essay and a thesis statement. You can form a hook by stating an unusual or controversial issue. Back up the hook and complete it by proving your point –where the thesis statement comes in.


This is where your creativity sets in – playing around with words and formatting is a significant driving factor. Body paragraphs prove the points highlighted in the thesis statement. They begin with topic sentences. Each topic sentence has to tell the audience about what to expect in the particular paragraph and must be backed up with credible evidence.


The sections come after completing all body paragraphs. It is a brief statement that wraps up the main points, or a restatement of the thesis. It gives readers a sense of closure and opens them to a new world by leaving them with a final quote, statement or question.

How to Start an Analytical Essay

Considering what it takes to write an analytical essay, starting one should not be a daunting task. Get your audience interested in the essay by choosing an argument that you’ll defend to the very end. In that regard, all you need is to know how to go about analyzing the specific subject.

Remember that!

The accuracy of your analysis depends on your thesis statement. For example, maybe you are writing about the Great Depression. Here, you could analyze the issue by stating its implications and why it was vital for the development of America.

What’s more?

Once you have stated your thesis, you’re obligated to break down the approach to analyzing the topic. You can do this by;

  • Defining the main objectives of the analysis
  • Researching to clarify the issue
  • Identifying the main points by looking at them separately and linking them
  • Solving the central problem by putting it down in writing

Following these procedures is vital in creating a comprehensive analytical essay.

Analytical Essay Introduction

An analytical essay introduction is where the fingers get moving and ideas flow. The work begins by writing the first sentence. This is the sentence that introduces your essay and sets it open for related ideas.

But first thing first!

Understanding the direction of your analytical essay introduction is as vital as choosing the essay topic. You must have a clear vision of the layout of the paragraph; including the content to include.

Remember to follow the following steps when writing the introduction:

  1. Offer a general topic statement, also the hook; this provides an idea of what the essay is all about.
  2. Briefly describe the subject by using substantial evidence; to support your main idea.
  • Summarize your main idea by creating a thesis statement; to shift the readers’ attention from the general topic to specific points related to the general issue. This is where you present the general outline of the paper.

The prime focus concerning analytical essay introduction is hooking the reader right from the beginning. Aim at drawing them in and maintaining their focus by creating a clear vision of the topics in a rather attractive way.

How to Write an Analytical Essay Thesis?

An analytical essay thesis aims at answering what the essay topic seeks to explore. The thesis statement explains the how and why of the essay. In that regard, concentrate on writing a strong thesis statement in such a way that it highlights the subject that needs proving.

To write a strong analytical thesis statement, make sure to:

  1. State the thesis as a fact (whether it’s your idea) since you’ll prove it with evidence later.
  2. Avoid being so obvious. Statements like “In this essay, I will write about…; the topic of this essay is…; this essay will prove….” avoid such phrases by all means. In other words, you shouldn’t tell the reader what you’re about to say, especially if your ideas are strong and organized. If anything, get to the point.

The key is:

A thesis is more than a mere topic. It states your analysis, interpretation or opinion on the subject. These examples can help you understand an analytical thesis statement further:

Example 1

 A sample of a weak thesis

“The writer addresses various concerns about life using a variety of examples.”

Example 2

 A strong analysis thesis

“Charlotte Perkins Gilman focuses on empathy with the main character in The Yellow Wallpaper through skillful styles, precise dramatic irony, narration, and her unique selection of characters.”

Unlike the first example, the second example identifies sub-topics that will be presented in the body paragraphs. And these are; dramatic irony, narration and unique characters. In short, a strong analytical essay thesis helps the audience understand and comprehend the overall subject matter.

Analytical Essay Conclusion

The key to an analytical essay conclusion is precision and clarity. The conclusion summarizes everything in the essay and wraps the paper effectively.

However, writing a firm conclusion requires you to:

  1. Restate the thesis statement.
  2. Provide a summary of your argument.
  • Take the argument beyond statements already highlighted in the essay. Strive to show the significance of your argument in the bigger picture. For instance, mirroring several actions that the characters pursue can prove how Gilman creates empathy. Here, dwell on their influence on the real world.
  1. Leave the readers with something to take home, also something to explore further.

Analytical Essay Topics

Engaging the audience is central to successful writing. However, the challenge comes in choosing a compelling topic for your analytical essay. Regardless, you don’t have to worry since there is a myriad of topics you can choose from.

To simplify the process, subjects can group analytical essay topics. Below are some examples of analytical essay topics:

  • Racial and gender inequality; is it here to stay?
  • Artificial intelligence is worth sustaining
  • Relationship between personality and upbringing
  • The significance of tests in schools

Literary Analytical Essay Topics

Literary Analytical essay topics exist in a variety of categories. Whether you are expected to analyze a short story, poem, book, article, journal or play, choosing a good topic shouldn’t be challenging. Your search might include:

  • Analyzing major characters in the text
  • Evaluating the themes in the text
  • Examining the book’s significance
  • Interpreting the main ideas presented in the text and how they relate to the modern world
  • Analyzing the historical context of the piece of literature

These are but some examples of literary analytical essay topics. You are, however, not limited to what you could write about.

Analytical Essay Example

We cannot overlook the significant role that samples play in this essay; and analytical essays are not an exception. Some great examples of analytical papers are on educational websites. These include but not limited to:

1.      Liposuction: The Key to Energy Independence, by Barbara Ehrenreich

2.      The Ways of Meeting Oppression, by Martin Luther King, Jr.

  1. Freedom, by Joyce M. Jarett

Related: How to write a literary analysis essay- Detailed guide


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